WOMEN IN INDIAN SPACE PROGRAMMES , TECHNOLOGY AND VISION
Space applications centre, Ahmedabad
Indian Space Research Organisation,
Department of Space.
programmes of the Indian Space Research Organisation [AMR1] have been primarily application driven and have aided the country in
providing tools towards solving problems and meeting the needs of various
of the national issues like population, health, economy, education, agriculture
and food security, energy, infrastructure etc can be provided with viable
solutions by science & technology to ensure that the quality of life in
India can be compared with that of the developed countries. This objective has
been the bottom line of the vision planning for ISRO’s past, present and
independence a vast technology infrastructure that spans over several
disciplines from agriculture technology to atomic science, from ocean
development to space science has been created.
ISRO as part of science and technology activity of the country has been
contributing in the nation’s endeavour since 1963, India has got into the
field of space technology. The
Indian space programme was formally organised in 1972 with the setting up of
Space Commission and a separate Department of Space (DOS) to promote development
and application of space technology, specifically in the areas of
telecommunication, television broadcasting, meteorology, resources survey and
management. Development of
satellites, launch vehicles and associated ground systems is integral to the
space programme objective. ISRO's achievements can be briefly summarised as
Operational launch vehicles
State-of-the-art remote sensing civilian satellite constellation
Multipurpose communication satellite constellation
A set of identified space applications using remotely sensed data and
satellite communication network
introspection indicates that we have been successful in all these areas. Women
in ISRO are spread over all the major thrust areas of above programme
objectives. The women are contributing equally to the men for the successes of
ISRO’s various missions in fulfilling the National needs. The different
discipline and nature of work with which women in ISRO involved requires
in-depth awareness and understanding of their strengths, rights, capabilities,
carrier plans, skills, aptitude, interest temperament
organisations like ISRO, which are engaged primarily in R & D activities,
the most valuable resource is, indeed, only the `Human Resource’ a word which
is very much applicable in Science and Technology organisation meaning both men
and women power. But, unlike other
resources, human resource is much more dynamic and contextual in its behaviour
and characteristics. Hence, the
environment viz., internal and external in which the work environment is
embedded should be understood by the women and can be utilised as a tool to
bring about the required self understanding and carrier growth accepting
challenges for the growth of organisation..
Another important means is the conscious efforts by the women in
organisation to facilitate the development of the organisation in fulfilling the
goals and visions.
The DOS, ISRO’s
HRD policies as well as the work culture and carrier growth mechanism are
designed to motivate every individual irrespective of the gender. It is also
highly oriented to wards the technology development and designed to be
competitive in the space arena as ISRO as a whole.
presently working on projects, which are experimental in nature and pioneering
efforts are needed to master the fundamental requirements of space technology.
The organization structure in place is highly flexible and more in tune
to meet the demands of these activities, which are largely oriented towards R
& D efforts. Accordingly, the
assignments posed to the highly qualified work force are challenging by nature,
and thus, it is attractive and
satisfactory for contributing the best
of the technical and non technical minds .
Other than the field of experimental work, the nature
of responsibilities/activities of ISRO have grown in multi-dimensional fashion,
which has seen ISRO making forays into the areas of not only research,
development and project execution but also mission, ground support, application
studies, development and sustenance of user community etc forces the women
working to have clear knowledge of the present requirements of the organization.
NATURE OF WORK REQUIREMENT IN ISRO
ISRO is a place to nurture and develop newer
application of space technology on a continuos basis. The nature of the work and
the areas of specialization required in ISRO are as below:
– all fields including computer science.
science [Physics, chemistry, mathematics and Geology].
optics and optical engineering.
sensing and Image processing.
The work involves the following areas but not limited
Ø Optical designing, Electronics design ,Mechanical designing including system design and analysis using specific software.
Ø Hardware realisation for space cameras like camera structure, spacecraft structure, Launch vehicle structures, Propellant Tanks etc.
Ø Test benches realisations and Test and Evaluation activities including test result analysis.
Ø Spacecraft, onboard Cameras and Assembly, Integration alignment and optimization associated developmental activities.
Ø Launch vehicles Integration testing associated activities.
Ø Instrumentation along with software development for test benches and onboard systems.
Ø Satellite control algorithm and hardware development.
Ø Communication system design and realisation.
Ø Mission control and ground support systems design planning execution and realization.
Ø Data reception, processing software and hardware realization associated activities.
Ø Data interpretation and module preparation catering user requirements.
Ø Managerial [HRD, Finance, Maintenance, Establishment etc], secretarial support activities.
To understand the system for those joined in just
hour and to join in future it is essential to have the key points below which I
wish to share from my experience and data and strength of women employees at my
centre [Space Applications Centre] and ISRO (excluding autonomous bodies).
The 21st century job is all about enriching knowledge for a competitive edge and personal growth.
Enrichment of knowledge.
Self-confidence and development of aptitude/ abilities to be talented.
Urge for learning in the work place.
Self middle level/ upper level management development including leadership qualities practices such as participation in decision making.
Most essential thing for women is to understand, plan and execute the multiple role of us as a working women, wife, mother and daughter.
WOMEN EMPLOYEES AT Space Applications
I conclude by wishing more and more women to be
motivated by various means of science and technology wings to take up carriers
and sectors and join me and ISRO in fulfilling the dream of visionary Shri
I acknowledge for the experience provided by Space
Applications Centre, ISRO, DOS and thank being able to share it for the benefit
of my nation.