Biotechnology based programme for societal Development has been addressed for implementation of community based projects with a mission to social development goals to benefit large number of target population in vulnerable section of the society. It intended to benefit the large number of target population farmers, women and SC/ST population through skill development with various interventions of agro-based, horticulture, animal husbandry, secondary agriculture and value based product and process development through training and demonstration programmes undertaken in various income and employment generation activities. The emphasis was on diffusion of proven and field tested interventions with an approach reaching the unreached through outreach programme. These programmes were undertaken with the funding mechanism of Task Force on Biotechnology Based Programme for SC/ST & Rural Population, Task Force on Biotechnology Based Programme for Women, Biotechnology Based Programme Promotion Committee (BPPC). These committees are addressing support for dissemination of Biotech interventions in Agriculture and allied Sector, Health & Sanitation, Environment & Biodiversity conservation, Animal Husbandry, Dairy and Fisheries, Integrated Farming, Product / process development and value addition, through training and demonstration activities with a little support on R&D aspects for addressing specific problems in development of technology packages, refinement and validation to suit different agro climatic conditions.
More than 20,000 families have been benefited so far through interventions undertaken for the benefit of SC/ST target population during the last one year. Similarly, more than 25,000 families have been benefitted with the interventions undertaken for rural community involving farmers, women and youths through their economic empowerment with the application of biotechnology. The interventions undertaken are bio-pesticides, bio-fertilizer application; organic farming, cultivation of mushrooms, medicinal and aromatic plants, sericulture, processed food, floriculture etc. In addition, the programme has also rendered health counselling services particularly to people afflicted with genetic disorders. These programmes have received wider appreciation.
Programmes for Rural Areas
Programmes for SC/ST Population
1. Main thrust of activities
2. New initiatives for the 12th plan:
- To promote and use biotechnological processes and tools for Socio economic upliftment of rural community, SC/ST and women folk and create entrepreneurship development avenues to the target population.
- To set up integrated facilities for economic empowerment of urban as well as rural communities.Bioresource complexes / hubs, establishment of Rural Technological Innovation & Application Center.
- To create centres of rural entrepreneurship Development, Incubator facilities for rural innovation and refinement.
- To support R&D aspects specifically addressing the problems of vulnerable groups for developing technology packages relevant to them.
- To create large employment opportunities for the vulnerable section of the society as an alternate self-employment.
- To reduce drudgery, migration checkand per capita income generation.
During the 11th plan the priority will be:
- To support and implement projects in Biotechnology areas for techno economic empowerment of the target population Women SC/ST and Rural Population.
- To support R&D component in such projects specifically for addressing the various health, nutritional and sanitation problems of the target group.
- To undertake projects for entrepreneurship development in softer options of biotechnology.
'Programme for Rural Area'
In rural areas for dissemination and use of biotechnological process and tools and for creation of new employment avenues training and demonstration projects were supported in various states. These programmes were continued for socio-economic upliftment of target population by sanctioning the projects with the recommendation of Task Force and Biotechnology Based Programme Promotion Committee (BPPC). R&D institutions, universities, colleges and NGOs were supported in sanctioning and implementation of these projects. More than 25,000 farmers have been benefited through various projects on biotechnology Bio-fertilizers; Bio-pesticides; Sericulture; Aquaculture; Mushroom cultivation; Spirulina production; Vermi composting; Floriculture; Animal husbandry; Cultivation of medicinal and other economically important plants. Few major projects were supported in an integrated manner utilizing the bio-resources available as ‘Biovillage’. Majority of these beneficiaries have set up their units and are selling their products in local market with good returns. Programme was continued for socio-economic upliftment of rural population.Some of the highlights of these projects are as follows:
Biological Pest Control
A project on Biological Control of crop pests was implemented for the benefit of rural population in Jabalpur District of Madhya Pradesh. Field demonstrations were conducted and awareness generated about the usage of biopesticides instead of chemical pesticides among farmers, women, and backward population. A total of 183 field demonstrations were undertaken in an area of 1974 hectares in 50 gram panchayats. Awareness generating programs were undertaken which benefited 6,345 villagers. Demonstrations on use of botanicals as biocontrol agents to show their efficacy at field level as well as techniques of mass producing antagonists such as entomopathogenic fungi for pest control were also undertaken.
Another project on production of biological agents; bio-fertilizers & bio-pesticides was implemented by an NGO. Trainings were conducted to benefit 500 farmers and rural youths. Nearly 340 farmers were trained on application, handling and quality testing of Agriculture inputs and soil in Ghaziabad district. A Testing facility was set up at Ghaziabad and more than 900 samples of soil, 325 samples of seeds, 190 samples of bio-pesticides and bio-fertilizers were tested in the laboratory. Around 1800 people have been directly benefited through the training conducted under the project.
Fruit Plant Nursery
Fruit plant nursery raising and use of biological software was undertaken for farmers at KrishiVigyan Kendra, Unnao. Demonstrations were conducted and fruit plant nurseries with vermicompost were established at farmer’s field. Trainings were organized on campus and off campus for 313 farmers on Fruit Plant Nursery raising with use of biological softwares at KVK KrishiVigyan Kendra as well as at farmers’ field. KrishakGosthis, farmers-scientists interaction, exhibitions were also organized. Commercial nursery raised fruit plants like Mango, Guava and Aonla were supplied to farmers for raising plantations using vermicompost, Neem oil, bio-fertilizer and bio-pesticide By raising quality Fruit plant nursery, beneficiaries could earn around Rs. 4000-5000 per year per as an additional income.
Fish Culture in Horticulture Ponds
A project on enhancement of rural farmers through fish culture in horticulture based polythene lined farm ponds was undertaken by College of Fishery Science, Nagpur. Farmers and unemployed youths were trained on polythene lined farm ponds for the use of with the use of stunted fingerlings of JayantiRohu and Catla. Beneficiary farmers were provided aquaculture inputs in the form of fingerlings and floating formulated fish feed. Farmers were guided through relevant literature on fish farming. Fish culture in farm pond of one acre produced 3.5 tonnes of fish, and generated surplus income. Beneficiaries experienced increment in overall productivity of their horticulture/agriculture crop by irrigating the crops with nutrient rich water, which was used for fish culture activity.
Bio-Technological Intervention for Employment Generation was undertaken through value addition in Amla fruit and brewed vinegar production in Sultanpur and Pratapgarh districts of U.P. An awareness building programme was conducted in the selected blocks of the two districts on vinegar production, marketing and amla fruit processing. Nearly 540 beneficiaries were trained on amla processing and vinegar production. The NGO which implemented the project created marketing outlets at various locations in these districts and also participated in various state and domestic fairs.
Integrated Biotechnological Interventions
A project was implemented on Integrated biotechnological interventions at Chennai to provide alternative income to the rural population through various interventions such as vermicomposting, mushroom cultivation and clonal propagation. Nearly 664 beneficiaries were trained through networking partners from NGOs. A total of 80 Vermicompost pits, 40 Mushroom cultivation sheds, 12 Charcoal Briquetting units, 4 Net houses for Clonal propagation were established. The project implementation helped in employment generation and effective and judicious resource utilization and waste management.
The department has taken bold initiatives on the establishment of rural bio-resource complexes in the country with an aim to utilize rural bio-resources in a more meaningful and sustainable manner and to create large number of avenues for the rural community. The concept was supported with an end to end approach and integrated networking, sharing resources, funding and benefits from state resources with technological innovations and S&T and BT inputs.As such DBT has established five Rural Bioresource Complex (RBCs) at State Agriculture Universities viz. UAS, Bangalore: MAU, Prabhani, HAU, Hissar, GBPAU&T, Pant Nagar and OUAT, Bhubaneswar. An impact assessment study has indicated that RBCs have done good job in extending recent interventions to the community an all the research institutes have done their work precisely, as it facilitates employment generation and also is the source of additional income for the community and women empowerment. The RBC projects were implemented in a holistic manner to benefit the rural community through sustainable and judicious utilization of bio-resources.
The department continued supporting bioevents to exhibit Krishi&Krishuk activities and promote product development at the rural level by bringing awareness among the rural population on various enterprising activities viz., biofertilizers; biopesticides; sericulture; aquaculture; mushroom cultivation; spirulina production; vermicomposting; floriculture; animal husbandry; cultivation of medicinal and other economically important plants, waste utilization; marine resources; value added products and processing. Nine such bioevents were organized in various parts of the country. Besides farmers various NGO’s and agencies dealing with sanitation, health management and agro service centers etc. participated in these events. The success of Bio-events has been praiseworthy as more than lakhs of farmers have participated including scientists and extension personnel.
'Programmes for SC/ST Population'
For the socio economic upliftment of SC/ST target population programme was continued and various projects were sanctioned on poultry production; goat rearing; artificial insemination; sericulture; biocontrol agents; vermicomposting; medicinal plants; mushroom cultivation; aquaculture; animal husbandry and bioresource complex. About 20,000 people have been benefited. Highlights of the projects are as follows:
A project on poultry production was implemented for demonstration of Giriraja poultry as regular source of income for SC/ST population in Washim district of Maharashtra. Beneficiaries were trained on different aspects of Giriraja poultry farming at KVK as well as at village sites in RisodTahsil. Giriraja poultry hatchery and farm was established at KrishiVigyan Kendra, Karda. Beneficiaries were provided with operational inputs like day old chicks, feeders, drinkers, brooders, nests, feed and vaccination alongwith low cost poultry houses. The beneficiaries are earning Rs.2000 with a batch of 100 bird units in a short span of two months.
A project on sustainable livelihood security was implemented in 8 villages of Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh for propagation of Rajasree bird through backyard poultry to benefit SC/ST community.Beneficiaries were trained on rearing of chicks, measuring their weekly body weights, feed consumption, mortality, vaccination etc. Economic analysis of backyard farm operation was found to be highly profitable.
A project on Berari goat rearing was implemented in five villages of Akola District in Maharashtra to provide economic support to the farmers through scientific goat breeding and rearing. Awareness was generated among the villagers on the importance of deworming and vaccination. The goat shed was constructed in 1600 sq. ft. for conducting regular demonstration and training programme. Project beneficiaries were given goat kids alongwith pamphlets for rearing.
BArtificial Insemination (AI) training programme was carried out with superior germplasm at farm-gate level to enhance pig productivity in the tribal region of Meghalaya. Nearly 240 pig breeding farmers were trained on scientific breeding, reproductive management and artificial insemination in pigs. 80% of tribal farmers adopted this technology in selected villages and with increased littersize (2-3 piglets). They could get enhanced income of Rs 3,000-4,000 through sale of piglets. The project has received an overwhelming response from the tribal farmers of North-Eastern region.
Popularization of biointensive farming techniques for organic silk production was implemented through TNAU, Coimbatore. Farmers were trained on establishment of separate mulberry garden and the techniques involved in chawki rearing, egg incubation, brushing, feeding, cleaning, moulting care, disease prevention etc.,. 29 trainings were organized on latest technologies in chawki rearing. Women beneficiaries were inclined to start chawki rearing centre as their commercial venture.
A project on production and demonstration of Neem based Pesticides in IPM system was implemented by KVK, Tondapur in HingoliDistt., Large scale field demonstrations were conducted in Kalamnuri and Hingoli Block. Awareness programme was undertaken through KisanMela and more than 1100 farmers were trained on IPM Neem seed collection, NSKE preparation and their application on fields. Literature published on importance of Neem seed kernel was distributed to the farmers. Off campus training programme was organized at farmer’s fields and covered 486 acres of land under cultivation of cotton, redgram and bengalgram.
Demonstrations and production of biofertilizers and biological control agents was taken up in a project for farmers by TNAU. Demonstrations were conducted on production and use of biofertilizers, vermicompost, neem oil and Trichodermaat the farmers’ field. Farmers were also trained on mass production and use of biological control agents for mulberry and silkworm pests and diseases.
A demonstration and training project on vermicomposting was implemented for the benefit of SC/ST families of 20 villages in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh. In this programe, 5 trainings and 240 demonstrations were organised in the vicinity of beneficiaries, on vermicompost production and its application in various crops.
Cultivation of Medicinal Plants
In Saran district of Bihar a project was implemented to promote the cultivation of herbs viz., Triphala, Amla, Hare, Bahera, Bael, Podina, Tulsi, Arjuna, Turmeric, Radish etc..120 traditional birth attendants were trained in pre and post natal care and health services.
A training programme was conducted on mushroom cultivation and its processing for the benefit of SC/ST population through an at Greater Noida, UP. Beneficiaries were given training on mushroom (Pleurotusspecies) cultivation from substrate preparation to the harvesting and processing and preparation of various recipes for value addition. Training and demonstration units were established in the vicinity of the target population. Mushroom production units were established in the courtyard of the beneficiaries. More than 500 farmers started paddy straw mushroom cultivation and starting earning additional income.
Technology transfer and diffusion was undertaken to benefit SC/ST community through an Integrated Duck-Fish-Scampi Culture and Apiculture by Allahabad University. Integrated Scampi-Fish Culture propagated through Giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachiumrosenbergii) culture. Farmers in villages have grown Giant freshwater prawn for commercial gains, along with regular culture of Khaki Campbell Duck production and sale of its eggs to make additional income for their families.
Last Updated: 25th May, 2011