The Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development (IBSD), Imphal is an autonomous Research and Development (R&D) Institute of Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. Realizing the importance of rich bio-diversity and unique bioresources of North Eastern Region of India which falls within two biodiversity hotspots of the world viz. the Himalayan and the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspots, DBT established this institute (IBSD) during the year 2001, or in accordance with the recommendation of National Bio resources Development Board.
The mission of IBSD is “Bioresources development and their sustainable utilization through biotechnological interventions for socio-economic growth of the North Eastern Region of India.”
The major areas/activities of IBSD at present are :
A. Medicinal, Aromatic and Horticultural Plant Resources Programme:
- Classical and molecular taxonomy of mandate crops like gingers, Citrus, Piper, Nymphaea, Musa and bamboo;
- Selection of elite germplasm/s of these mandate crops based on evaluation of their value as food, medicine, ornamental and other industrial products;
- Traditional knowledge based scientific validation of medicinally important bioresources and formulations of traditional healers of NE India.
B. Microbial Resources Programme:
- Microorganism-plant interaction in plant nutrition (biofertilizer) and disease control (biopesticides);
- Microbial resources for biofuel and biodiesel;
- Microbial resources for food and health.
C. Animal Bioresources Programme:
- Induced breeding techniques for indigenous fishes of North East India and genetic improvement through selective breeding;
- Fish reproduction and chronobiology: Melatonin as bioindicator for oocyte maturation;
- Exploration of insect bioresources of North East India for therapeutic, nutritional and industrial values.
D. Bioresources Database and Bioinformatics Programme:
- Documentation of available bioresources of North East India using in silico approach.
The Institute has set up a National Repository for freshwater cyanobacteria and microalgae and a Microbial Repository for bacterial and fungal cultures. These two national facilities will cater mainly to the needs of the microbiologists of NE-India.
Bioresources Park of IBSD at Haraorou:
A Bioresouces Park of 38 acres area at Haraorou is being developed. The park will serve as
(1) A Conservatory for rare and unique bioresources of NE region,
(2) Facility for production of quality planting materials for societal benefits and
(3) centre for education for biodiversity and bioresources
To carry out research on bioresources which exist at high altitude of Sikkim Himalayan region, IBSD has opened a regional centre at Sikkim (RCIBSD) which has become fully operational. There are three major research focuses of the centre:
- Genomic and proteomic approaches for understanding the regulation of biosynthetic pathways in Panax species of Sikkim Himalayas;
- Selection of elite germplasm/s of Valeriana jatamansi and Swertia binaculata of varying altitudinal locations for the bioactive principles and essential oils having therapeutic properties;
- Programme to quantify the intensity of the disease complex of large cardamom, which has drastically reduced its production.
For more Information, Please Visit http://ibsd.gov.in
Last Updated: 31st December, 2013