The Department of Biotechnology established in 1996, The Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD), Hyderabad as an autonomous institute.
The CDFD has emerged as an institute of national and international repute that provides (a) DNA-based services (i) in human DNA profiling to law enforcement agencies and other authorities of the nation; (ii) towards diagnosis and counseling of genetic disorders in children and families (iii) for certification of purity of basmati rice for export; and (b) Undertakes basic, applied and R&D work related to the services above and in other areas of molecular biology. CDFD uniquely combines the service and research components of its mandate in such way that each of the activities supports and enriches the other. The Centre has witnessed significant growth in all phases of activities, and several new frontiers of investigation have been initiated. -->
Laboratory for DNA Fingerprinting Services: In DNA profiling services, CDFD is identified as the premier organization in the country for referrals of complex and sensitive cases from various law enforcing agencies of Federal and State Governments, investigation agencies and the judiciary. CDFD was involved in the DNA profiling based identification of the victims of the tragic air crash of an Air India Express flight in Mangalore during May 2010 and has recently carried out the identification of 7 ITBP/NDRF personnel of MI-17 rescue helicopter crash that happened during the Uttarakhand tragedy in June 2013.
In its efforts towards expansion of DNA profiling services in the country, and demonstrate the power of DNA fingerprinting technology in improving the justice delivery system in the Country, CDFD has signed MoUs with the state Governments of Orissa and Andhra Pradesh. The CDFD in association with DBT is piloting the Human DNA Profiling Bill which seeks to provide legislative sanction for the use of DNA fingerprinting evidence in courts of law, creation of a national DNA databank of DNA profiles of convicts and suspects of violent crimes, and establishment of standards for accreditation and quality control of DNA laboratories.
Diagnostic Services: The Centre provides modern diagnostic and counseling services to children and families with inherited genetic disorders. The Diagnostics Division of the Centre that is dedicated for these activities conducts approximately 4000 tests annually in the areas of molecular genetics, cytogenetics and biochemical genetics. Further, the division is also involved in research towards identification of novel genes and mutations in families with genetic disorders. In association with the Nizamís Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS), Hyderabad, the Centre has established a Department of Medical Genetics for providing services, training, and research in these areas.
APEDA-CDFD Centre for Basmati Rice: Based on one of the DNA inventions that was developed and patented by the Centre, the Agricultural Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) of the Govt. of India has entrusted to the Centre the task of certifying the quality and authenticity of basmati rice. From 2005 onwards till 2012, more than 1500 export samples have been examined for certification, a majority of which were forwarded to the Centre by Export Inspection Council (EIC) of India.